“The chief merit of language is clearness.”
― Galen, On the Natural Faculties
Latin and Greek were the dominant languages of the Roman Empire, but other languages were important regionally. The language of the Romans was Latin, which served as the "language of power". Educated Roman citizens, particularly those of the ruling elite, studied and often achieved a high degree of fluency in Greek, which was useful for diplomatic communications in the East even beyond the borders of the Republic.
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